Why CP?

  • Unlike pollution control where pollutions are transferred from one medium to another, CP attempts to minimize/ eliminate the pollutants.
  • It is a preventive strategy to reduce pollution as source.
  • Its methodology involves life cycle analysis of a product. It also makes an in-depth study of the process involved and the wastes generated at each step.
  • Its techniques may range from simple house keeping practices to technology change.
  • It helps in saving costs and enhancing profits.
  • It does not involve the implementation of regulatory measures and punitive action on the polluter.
  • It does not set standards for industries in general. It views the problems of each industry as a individual case.
  • Since it gives importance to the economic costs of pollution prevention the investment in CP measures is low.